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currency: Kwanza (AOA)
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Angola profile
the province of Cabinda is an exclave, separated from the rest of the country by the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Angola history
Angola is still rebuilding its country since the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002.

Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975.

Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again in 1993.

Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - during the more than a quarter century of fighting.

SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and cemented the MPLA's hold on power.

President DOS SANTOS pushed through a new constitution in 2010; elections held in 2012 saw him installed as president.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Angola

Conventional short form: Angola

Local long form: Republica de Angola

Local short form: Angola

Formerly known as: People's Republic of Angola
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Angola's capital city is Luanda
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Angola Constitution:

adopted by National Assembly 5 February 2010
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Angola population growth rate: 2.784%
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Angola highest point: Morro de Moco 2,620 m
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Angola lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
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About 3% of Angola's land is arable.
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Cubango River (Okavango River) is the Longest River in Angola
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Angola birth rate is 39 births/1,000 population
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Angola infant mortality rate is 84 deaths/1,000 live births
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Angola fertility rate is 5.49 children born/woman
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Angola climate:

semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda;

north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)
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Top 10 cities of Angola with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Luanda: 2,776,125
2. Huambo: 226,177
3. Lobito: 207,957
4. Benguela: 151,235
5. Lucapa: 125,751
6. Kuito: 113,624
7. Lubango: 102,541
8. Malanje: 87,047
9. Namibe: 80,150
10. Soyo: 67,553
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Angola ethnic groups:

Ovimbundu - 37%
Kimbundu - 25%
Bakongo - 13%
mestico (mixed European and native African) - 2%
European - 1%
other - 22%
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Angola Exports:

crude oil
refined petroleum products
fish and fish products
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Angola Imports:

machinery and electrical equipment
vehicles and spare parts
military goods
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unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (220 seats; members elected by proportional vote to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
18 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia)
1. Bengo
2. Benguela
3. Bie
4. Cabinda
5. Cunene
6. Huambo
7. Huila
8. Kwando Kubango
9. Kwanza Norte
10. Kwanza Sul
11. Luanda
12. Lunda Norte
13. Lunda Sul
14. Malanje
15. Moxico
16. Namibe
17. Uige
18. Zaire
Political parties and leaders:
Broad Convergence for the Salvation of Angola Electoral Coalition (CASA-CE) - Abel CHIVUKUVUKU

National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA) - Lucas NGONDA

National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) - Isaias SAMAKUVA (largest opposition party)

Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) - Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS (ruling party in power since 1975)

Social Renewal Party (PRS) - Eduardo KUANGANA

note: 4 other parties qualified to participate in the national election in August 2012